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Horsh Beirut

Horsh Beirut

About Lebanon


In the 4th century AD, as the Roman empire crumbled, Christianity gained momentum and Lebanon became part of the eastern Byzantine Empire, with its capital at Constantinople (modern Istanbul). The imposition of orthodox Christianity didn't sit well, and when the Mohammedans brought the word of Allah from the south, they faced little resistance in Lebanon.
The Umayyuds, the first great Muslim dynasty, held sway in Lebanon for about a century, but faced opposition from indigenous Jews and Christians, especially the Syrian Maronite sect who took refuge around Mount Lebanon. After the Umayyuds fell to the Abbasids in 750, Lebanon became a backwater of the Persian-flavoured Abbasid Empire. This empire lasted until the 11th century before being tipped out by the Fatimid dynasty, who struggled on until the rise of the Crusaders. The Crusaders had their sights set on Jerusalem, but marched down the Syrian and Lebanese coast, linking up with the Maronites, before savaging the Holy City.


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